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Wednesday, July 27, 2011

Quill Pigs Moving South?

Quill Pigs moving south?

In the 1980’s Hugh Pine, the porcupine character in Janwillem Van De Wetering’s children’s books, educated other less-intelligent animals about the danger of crossing roads.   Unfortunately, not all quill pigs were listening as Hugh gave his advice because one of the prickly fellows was hit as he crossed I-69.  But perhaps its existence on the side of the highway tells us that porcupines are headed south.  This is the fourth porcupine reported to the Michigan Wildlife Conservancy in the past couple of years.  Michigan porcupines are common in forests in the middle of the Lower Peninsula. 

In June of 2009, Bill Botti, long-time friend of the Conservancy and Executive Director of the Michigan Forest Association, found two porcupines near his tree farm in Eaton County (southwest of Lansing).  That’s about 80 miles farther south than they are usually found.  Later that month a porcupine was found central Saginaw County.  Porcupines are common in the forests north of a line from Muskegon to Standish, but don’t wander much from their home ranges.  Even though, these four animals were found dead, on the side of the road, it may mean that the Michigan quill pigs are moving south.  The move south could be linked to the regrowth of forests in Southern Michigan.  Other animals gradually moving south are Bears and bobcats.

Something I just learned is that porcupines like salt licks.  They are attracted to areas where salt is, roads where salt is used to melt ice, natural plants with a salty taste and materials that have been coated with salty sweat. 

Let’s all learn from Hugh! 

 Has anyone else seen a porcupines in southern Michigan?  Help us keep our Eye On Wildlife!  You be the scientist! 

If you have found porcupines or other wildlife outside their traditional ranges, dead or alive, please contact the Michigan Wildlife Conservancy by email, wildlife@miwildlife.org or by phone at (517-641-7677). 

General Information about the porcupine

  • The name porcupine comes from the French words, porc espin (spined pig).  Americans commonly called this animal the quill pig.
  • The porcupine can weigh between 12-35 lbs and come in the colors of brown, grey and even white.  They live in forests, deserts, hillsides and trees. 
  • Known for being a nocturnal rodent, they sometimes forage for food during the day.  Porcupines are herbivores and eat things like leaves, herbs, twigs, green plants and bark.  They will climb trees to eat these foods.  Salt licks are also popular places to find porcupines. 
  • Quills are removed when the body of the porcupine is shaken or if an animal or person has physical contact with them.  They are released and fall out.  However new quills will replace those that are lost. 
  • In Kenya they are considered a delicacy and frequently eaten.  Their quills and guardhairs are used to make clothing and materials. 
  • Porcupines once held the record for being the longest-living rodent.  They were just recently replaced by the Naked Mole Rat.

Keep it wild!

Friday, July 22, 2011

Testimony to the House of Representatives

This is our testimony to the House of Representatives in April of 2011.  As you may already know the House has passed some bills that would allow feral swine to be owned, raised and hunted behind fences at the end of June.  We would like to know your opinion about this issue, thus the question earlier this week.  This is some more information that may help you make a decision.  Also see our website, miwildlife.org, for more information.  We have a whole page on wild hog issues.  There is also a YouTube video that is quite interesting the name of it is "Wild Hogs In Michigan."  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rrV9es13qgk.  It is only a couple minutes long.  It was done by the Free Press in September of 2008.

The next post will have more information about us as an organization and some new information.  If you would like to know about any nature issues, wildlife or habitat questions please let us know!  Perhaps it will be the subject of our next post.  Feel free to contact us by email or phone. 

As I said above this was written in the spring.  The bills have already passed in the House of Representatives.  Those bills will be voted on in the Senate soon enough.  Read up and voice your opinion. 

The Michigan Wildlife Conservancy has conducted a wide variety of projects for fish and wildlife in Michigan since 1982, and has been involved in research, education, and removal efforts focused on wild hogs for seven years.  Our staff has observed the damage wild hogs do in several U.S. states and on four continents.  All we have learned tells us that wild hogs are a huge threat to the agricultural and natural resources of our state.  That’s why we are active in the Coalition To Preserve Michigan Agriculture and Natural Resources and are determined to see the faucet leaking wild hogs in Michigan turned off.

Michigan has long suffered problems caused by exotic species such as the sea lamprey, gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, giant reed grass, and zebra mussel.  Conservationists wish our government could have kept such exotics out of Michigan, but relatively few people recognized the potential pathways by which such species invaded, nor the problems they might cause.
Our state and you as legislators have no excuses with the wild hog, perhaps the ultimate invasive exotic species.  The wild hog’s destructiveness has been documented around the globe.  Estimated damages to crops, livestock, and natural resources from wild hogs top $1.5 billion annually in the U.S. alone.  Wild hogs kill livestock and wildlife ranging from birds to deer fawns.  In some areas of Michigan they are destroying 10 percent or more of crops every year.  Wild hogs can carry pseudorabies, a disease potentially devastating to our pork industry which generates half a billion dollars annually.  Michigan could eventually be like Texas, where hogs cause $400 million in damages each year, and suffer enormous property losses to wild hogs.  And this exotic species is not sneaking into our state via ballast water in ships, jumping dams or any other hard-to-track means.  Rather, wild hogs are arriving in stock trailers being brought right up I-75 and our other highways and bound for game ranches and breeding facilities.  This is outrageous.

The wild hog poses a threat to Michigan that is just as serious as the threat of Asian carp to the Great Lakes.  Would any of you vote to try to regulate possession of Asian carp at fish farming operations?  We trust you would want a ban in effect.

Several other states have banned possession of live wild hogs.  Oregon has not only made it illegal to import or keep wild hogs, but requires landowners to contact state officials within 10 days of discovering wild hogs on their land.  Our state’s wildlife biologists have been advised, repeatedly, by out-of-state experts to pull out all the stops to keep wild hogs out of Michigan and eliminate those already on the loose.

The Michigan Wildlife Conservancy trains volunteers to detect and trap wild hogs through its Michigan Wild Hog Removal Program.  This is a partnership between the Conservancy and the U.S. Department of Agriculture with support from non-profit groups such as the Michigan Pork Producers Association and the Michigan Forest Association.  Through this program, we have learned from landowners and other citizens that wild hogs are still escaping from some game ranches- it is not a thing of the past as game ranch industry representatives contend.  One volunteer trapped and/or shot nine wild hogs since last September on a 38-acre property located about four miles from a Mecosta County game ranch, that offers feral hog hunts, and in fall of 2009 an owner of land in Dickinson County just three miles from a game ranch shot a wild hog with ear tag number 18.  So, the source of our problem is clear.

In 2008, when pseudorabies was detected in free-roaming wild hogs in Saginaw County and in wild hogs at four facilities, subsequent actions by state agencies resulted in costs to taxpayers of about $415,000.  More than $40,000 was paid to reimburse game ranch owners for wild hogs the state had to destroy.

State agencies estimate it would cost $750,000 per year to regulate and monitor wild hogs and the diseases they carry if the legislature passes some version of House Bills 4503-4507.  Incredibly, your committee is being asked to forward legislation based on the hope that it might not cost that much, and the hope that the cumbersome and difficult to enforce regulations might stop future escapes, and the hope that fences can somehow stop pathogens like pseudorabies.  Hope is not an acceptable basis for wild hog control in Michigan.  The only responsible action the Michigan Legislature can take is to let the ban called for by Public Act 451 to stand.  You must protect the jobs and environment of future generations of Michigan citizens.

Wednesday, July 20, 2011

Wild hogs do an estimated $1.5 billion in damages to crops, lawns, livestock and other resources throughout the United States.  Now Michigan has a growing wild hog population as a result of numerous escapes from game ranches and breeding facilities.

Should game ranches be allowed to continue importing and keeping wild hogs for shooting behind fences?  What do you think?